By Howard Meyerson
ESCANABA, MI – Heavy snowfall and bitter, cold temperatures are likely to result
in greater Upper Peninsula deer mortality this winter. State officials, who monitor conditions there, announced in early January that that clubs, groups and individuals can now provide supplemental feed for southern U.P. deer through May 15.
“We get deer mortality every year. Even in mild winters a certain number of fawns will perish, but in a winter like this we expect a higher number of fawns will die or pregnant does will give birth to fawns with low birth weights, or still births,” said Terry Minzey, the Upper Peninsula regional wildlife supervisor for the Michigan DNR. “Feeding mitigates the situation only to a small degree. The truth is you can’t get enough food to the deer to make a population (wide) change across the U.P., but it can impact them at the local level and let them get through the winter.”
Supplemental feeding in the southern U.P. is only allowed with a DNR permit when conditions get harsh enough – though it is allowed every year in the northern U.P. from Jan. 15 to May 15 with a permit. Craig Albright, the DNR wildlife division field operations manager in Escanaba said this is the first winter it is being allowed in the south. The Natural Resources Commission approved doing so in 2011, but conditions have not warranted it until now.
Snowfall in the southern U.P. has exceeded the 48-inch threshold set for allowing supplemental feeding. That means the region received more than 48 inches of snow since the start of winter. As of mid-January, 50 inches had fallen.
“If that threshold is reached by mid-January, we know from past records it will be a bad winter for deer,” Albright said. “We lose deer outright and see an impact on fawn production.
GOOD AND BAD FEED FOR DEER
Supplemental feeding is being permitted in the following southern U.P. counties: Delta, Dickinson, Iron, Mackinac, Menominee and Schoolcraft along with areas south of the T43N-T44N boundary line in Chippewa and Marquette counties. Groups and individuals who want to provide feed can get permits at DNR offices in Baraga, Crystal Falls, Escanaba, Marquette, Shingleton, Newberry and Sault Ste. Marie.
Most wildlife professionals think that supplemental feeding is not good for deer. It can facilitate the spread of disease when animals congregate over food piles. If people put food out near roads it can draw deer across highways and result in collisions. Putting the wrong food out can also be a problem.
“Sometimes people elect to put out food that is cheap, that isn’t good for deer, “Albright said. “That can be leftover truckloads of sugar beets, apples, potatoes and rutabaga. The deer get nothing from that. Or they put out bad hay, the first or third cuts. Second cut alfalfa is good.”
Corn can also be problem if too much is put out for deer. The DNR recommends that it be only a minor component of the feed, 25 percent or less of the total.
“We caution people not to put out a high dose of corn,” Minzey said. “With deer, who have been feeding on woody browse, there is a good chance of them dying from acidosis if they get too much. Better to feed 75 percent hay or barley or oats and 25 percent or less corn. If they eat 100 percent corn it is highly likely to be problematical.
“The DNR is not advocating that that people go out and feed these animals,” Minzey said. “We still have big concerns about disease transmission, but we recognize that people want to do something for deer and this is what was negotiated.”
Individuals or groups who want to feed for recreational viewing are allowed to do so without a permit, but must limit the volume to 2 gallons that is put out within 100 yards of a residence or livestock.
© 2014 Howard Meyerson
This story appears in Michigan Outdoor News