By Howard Meyerson
I took some time off recently to sit back with Richard P. Smith’s newest book, “Great Michigan Deer Tales, Book 6.” Firearm deer season opens Nov. 15 and I was interested to see who he had written about. I enjoy reading about Michigan hunters and their trophy kills. Smith’s book is subtitled: “Stories Behind Michigan’s Biggest Bucks.”
He writes about big Boone and Crockett Club deer killed all over the state and others poised for records. The Boone and Crockett Club is the national record’s organization for big game kills.
Living in Grand Rapids, I wondered if anyone nearby had been listed. Indeed, there was. The story of Cedar Springs’ hunter, Jim Powell, and his successful 2006 bow hunt for a magnificent Kent County eight-point buck was there. So was Allegan County’s Peter Prather, who shot a terrific 20-point buck that same year with his muzzleloader.
What struck me most, however, was Smith’s introduction. Rather than wax eloquent about the glory of big bucks as one might expect, Smith, a long-time Marquette-based outdoor writer and ardent hunter, crafted a pointed argument against mandatory antler point restrictions which limit what deer hunters can shoot.
Their use is increasing in Michigan and that has many hunters upset. They feel strongly that they should be allowed to shoot any legal deer rather than have to pass on a smaller buck.
And, who can blame them. Deer hunting encompasses a lot of different things, not the least of which is the opportunity to get in touch with the land and to live off it independently, both in substance and spirit.
WHAT ARE ANTLER RESTRICTIONS?
Antler point restrictions (APRs) prohibit taking bucks with less than a specified number of points on each antler. Proponents are largely involved with the Michigan branches of the Quality Deer Management Association, a national non-profit group which espouses the philosophy that APRs help develop healthy deer herds with more mature and large-antlered bucks; and that passing up on small ones results in a larger deer next year.
Their pursuit is noble, to be sure, but should it be the law of the land?
APRs aren’t new. There are several varieties in Michigan depending on where the hunt
takes place. Only mentored youth are exempt from those rules during the state’s September Liberty Hunt. More details can be found in the Michigan Hunting Guide on the DNR website at: Michigan.gov/dnr
It should be understood that APRs are put in place only after a lengthy public process that requires substantial local support as well as a majority of the hunters there. But the results affect deer hunters from other areas too and that raises questions about what is fair.
For instance, hunters from Detroit, Flint, Ann Arbor, Saginaw or elsewhere who plan to hunt near Traverse City during the firearm season will need to be aware of new APRs now in effect for 12 northwest Michigan counties: Antrim, Benzie, Charlevoix, Emmet, Grand Traverse, Kalkaska, Lake, Manistee, Mason, Missaukee, Osceola and Wexford. Hunters there will have to pass on any buck with fewer than three one-inch points on an antler, and four points on one antler for a second buck.
YOUTH SHOULD BE ALLOWED TO SHOOT SMALLER BUCKS
Smith argues that the option should be left open for youth to shoot a smaller deer. He’s not alone in his defense of the practice. The issue has become controversial.
“The first buck bagged by many Michigan hunters is a spike horn, as mine was, but the size of those antlers does nothing to diminish the moment and experience. Nor should it,” Smith writes with passion. “The Michigan Department of Natural Resources (DNR) has lost sight of that and so have a group of Michigan hunters who are trying to change part of our state’s deer hunting heritage and tradition by not only making spike bucks off-limits to deer hunters, but fork horns too.”
Smith goes on to argue that voluntary restraint is just as effective and that if hunters want to pass up on a smaller deer, they have every right to do so, but requiring every hunter in an area to comply, just isn’t right. He maintains that almost every deer reported on in his books – big ones, mind you – are not the product of an APR-governed region.
“There’s absolutely nothing wrong with shooting a spike horn or fork horn, whether it’s your first buck or your 50th. For those who want to only shoot something bigger, voluntary APR is the way to go,” Smith writes.
LITTLE HARD DATA TO BACK UP CLAIMS
Brent Rudolph, the deer and elk program leader for the Michigan DNR, said “Both sides of this are “really passionate.” He said most of the harvest each year continues to be year-and-a-half-old bucks, but the state lacks solid biological evidence that APRs are producing older, more mature herds in Michigan. There just isn’t enough data, so far. But, he adds, it may be a matter of how and where the data is collected. That is being sought in greater detail. The new APRs in northwest Michigan should shed light on that in a few years.
“In deer cooperatives (voluntary agreements) there is more evidence of on the ground changes (in the deer herd),” Rudolph said. “They may wait until the deer are 3 1/2-years-old to shoot them and there is a noticeable impact. But where there are straight forward point restrictions, we don’t have a lot of data,” Rudolph said.
Hunters going out come Nov. 15 will want to be aware of where APRs are in place. Like them, or not, they are here to stay – at least for now. Meanwhile, if you are looking for something to read at deer camp, consider getting a copy of Smith’s latest book. You can find it at local bookstores or at:richardpsmith.com
It’s about the hunters who took big Michigan deer that grew large on their own. Imagine that.
This column appears on MLive Outdoors.
I support APRs personally, but won’t get in a fight with someone who doesn’t. My opinion is based on what happens where I hunt, north of Ann Arbor. Most people around me shoot the first thing that moves, and while I won’t begrudge someone trying to fill their freezer, a year and a half old buck doesn’t have that much meat. What data there is shows that while deer harvest might drop for the first year of APRs, after that harvest numbers are back to normal and the deer being harvested are older/bigger/meatier. I would not have a problem with an exemption for youth hunters, although I hear a lot of hunters belly-aching about youth taking their big bucks because they get first shot during early youth hunt. I guess you can’t please everyone. Thanks for the article.
Homestead Dad: Thanks for your comments. Funny you should say that at the end. I have a friend who is an avid deer hunter and he regularly let it be known that he’s not pleased about the big deer that kids get in their before the season hunt.
Howard, I have never been a “trophy” hunter but even if I were my thoughts are that if you get a kid hooked on hunting at a young age they will be a hunter for life. I am sure you know better than most that we need to engage as many youth as possible in hunting and the outdoors.
Never been a fan of APR’s. There is more to a healthy deer herd than shooting a buck with 3 points or more. A friend of mine works for the DNR and does deer checks all year long. He gets a lot of 3 on a side or 4 on a side racks that are 1 1/2 year old dear. I understand what they are trying to do but forcing the hunt club way on a statewide level isn’t for me. Too many “mistakes” happen. This past doe only season a member of our group shot a button buck that he swore was a big doe. I wonder if the QDM people wouldn’t be pushing this so much if it weren’t for all the deer hunting shows that show nothing but Monster Deer being shot?
mfs686: Thanks for the comment. I suspect for some there is an element of “I want one too,” call it antler-envy. On the other hand, trophy hunters are a very real segment of the deer hunting community and have been for a long time. I know several guys around here who do their hunting in other states because they don’t think they can get one big enough here. There are a lot of big deer shot in Michigan, but there are also more bigger deer shot in states like Illinois. Seems to be a question of how big is big enough and the QDM guys I talk with are very convinced that Michigan could have more. As Richard states well, and I do agree, voluntary QDM is one thing, mandatory is another – especially if it goes in to effect for the entire southern part of the state as has been proposed by some.